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Destiny Drummondo

HI –> OR // 18 // MHCC

I Do, I Do, I Do

The polygamy is a word that comes from Greece and if you translate it, the meaning will be “often married”. The polygamy has an interesting meaning where the marriage is done with more than just two partners as it happens at most societies. In most countries out there the polygamy is not a practice that is tolerated and the laws are usually making it illegal.

Two psychologists testified in the findings, describing possible outcomes that can be expected from polygynous mating arrangements. Dr. Henrich explains the cold mathematics of polygyny: This illustration reveals the underlying arithmetic that can result in a pool of low-status unmarried men. Imagine a society of 40 adults, 20 males and 20 females. Suppose those 20 males vary from the unemployed high-school drop-outs to CEOs, or billionaires. Lets assume that the twelve men with the highest status marry 12 of the 20 women in monogamous marriages. Then, the top five men (25% of the population) all take a second wife, and the top two (10%) take a third wife. Finally, the top guy takes a fourth wife. This means that of all marriages, 58% are monogamous. Only men in the to 10% of status or wealth married more than two women. The most wives anyone has is four.

The degree of polygynous marriage is not extreme in cross-cultural perspective, but it creates a pool of unmarried men equal to 40% of the male population who are incentivized to take substantial risks so they can eventually participate in the mating and marriage market. This pattern is consistent with what we would expect from an evolutionary approach to humans, and with what is known empirically about male strategies.

Marriage civilizes men: Dr. Henrich begins with an ample body of research that shows marriage makes men much less likely to commit crimes such as murder, robbery and rape. One such study showed that marriage reduced a man€™s likelihood of committing a crime by 35%. This study was particularly compelling as it did not simply compare the criminality of married and unmarried men, but used longitudinal data to track boys from a reform school from age 17 to 70. In this study, crime rates not only decreased when those men were married, but increased when they divorced or were widowed. Other studies are consistent in showing the association between monogamous marriage and decreased male criminality. He cites studies (not listed in the decision) that examine the relationship between crime and 1) the degree of polygyny across countries, 2) the percentage of unmarried males, and 3) sex ratio of males to females in countries like China, as a result of their one-child policy and a desire to have sons and abort / kill daughters.

Men in polygynous societies aren’t very good fathers: Another major predicted consequence of widespread polygyny is decreased male parental investment. The underlying theory is that since married men would remain perennially in the marriage market, high-status men could choose to invest their resources in acquiring more wives rather than investing in their children. Similarly, the pool of unmarried men would be forced to invest their resources in attempting to improve their status so as to improve their chances of finding a bride.

As support for this proposition, Dr. Henrich relied on findings from 19th century census data from Mormon polygynous communities and from contemporary studies of African societies.

The study of historical Mormon polygynous communities showed that the children of poorer men (from the bottom 16% of wealth in that community) had higher survival rates than those of the richest men in the community (from the top 2%). The poor men had an average of 6.9 children survive until age 15. For the rich men, despite having more total offspring than the poor men and having over 10 times the wealth, only 5.5 children survived until age 15 on average. Dr. Henrich concludes that this data supports the idea €œthat in polygynous systems poor, but married, men will have no choice but to invest in their offspring while rich, high-status men will invest in getting more wives.

Allegedly, when the competition for brides go up, men try to secure brides at younger ages. Males learn the value of their female relatives, start treating them like an economic resource, and exert control of women’s reproductive lives. Competition drives men to use whatever connections, advantages, and alliances they have in order to obtain wives, including striking financial and reciprocal bargains with the fathers of daughters (this is the very common practice of bride price). Once girls and young women become wives, older husbands (and brothers) will strive to €œprotect their young wives from other males (to guarantee paternity of any offspring), and in the process dampen women’s freedoms and exacerbate inequality.

Polygamy being illegal is important because in some circles, marriage is viewed as antiquated or quaint or tainted with religion or stayed or defended irrationally. But we would be wise to examine long-standing traditions and see if there might not have been some reason for their continued existence. We are entering a brave new world of sexual dynamics, which will inevitably be a mixed bag of outcomes, some good and some bad. And the most important social dynamic will not be what happens to gay marriage, but what happens to monogamy under the attack of modernity.

Skin walkers

In August 1996, a team of scientists arrived on a remote ranch in NE Utah to investigate a bizarre litany of phenomena; including unidentified flying objects, animal mutilations, paranormal and poltergeist events that appeared to explode almost on a nightly basis. The list went on and on. The first piece of information the team learned from local people was that the ranch lay “on the path of the skinwalker”. Was the skinwalker responsible for the weird happenings on this ranch? What followed was a multi-year odyssey into the dark unknown as the science team tried to pursue, measure and photograph the elusive “skinwalker”. The complete account of the unprecedented research project is published in the book “Hunt for the Skinwalker.”

In the religion and cultural mythology of Southwestern tribes, there are witches known as skinwalkers who can alter their shapes at any time to assume the characteristics of certain animals. Most of the world’s cultures have their own shapeshifter legends. The best known is the werewolf, popularized by dozens of Hollywood movies. European legends as far back as the 1500’s tell stories about werewolves. (The modern psychiatric term for humans who believe they are wolves is lycanthropy.) The people of India have a were-tiger legend. Africans have stories of were-leopards and were- jackals. Egyptians tell of were-hyenas.

In American Southwest, the Navajo, Hopi, Utes, and other tribes each have their own version of the skinwalker story, but they are all basically  the same thing same thing, a malevolent witch capable of transforming itself into a wolf, coyote, bear, bird, or any other animal. The witch might wear the hide or skin of the animal identity it wants to assume, and when the transformation is complete, the human witch inherits the speed, strength, or cunning of the animal whose shape it has taken over.

“The Navajo skinwalkers use mind control to make their victims do things to hurt themselves and even end their lives,” writes Doug Hickman, a New Mexico educator. “The skinwalker is a very powerful witch. They can run faster than a car and can jump from cliffs without any effort at all.” For the Navajo and other tribes of the southwest, the stories of skinwalkers are not specified legends. A Nevada attorney, Michael Stuhff, is likely one of the few lawyers in the history of American jurisprudence to file legal papers against a Navajo witch. He has also often represented Native Americans in his practice. He understands Indian law and has earned the trust of his Native American clients, because he knows and respects tribal religious beliefs.

As a young attorney in the mid 70s, Stuhff worked in a legal aid program near Genado Arizona. Many, if not most, of his clients were Navajo. His legal challenge with a witch happend in a battle over child custody and financial support. His client, a Navajo woman who lived on the reservation with her son, was asking for full custody rights and back child support payments from her estranged husband, an Apache man. At one point during the legal wrangling, the husband got permission to take the son out for an evening, but didn’t return the boy until the next day. The son later told his mother what had transpired that night. According to the son, he spent the night with his father and a “medicine man.” They built a fire atop a cliff and, for many hours, the medicine man performed ceremonies, songs, and incantations around the fire. As dawn broke, the three traveled into a wooded area near a cemetery, where they dug a hole. Into the hole, the medicine man deposited two dolls made of wood. One of the dolls was made of dark wood, the other of light wood. It was as if the two dolls were meant to represent the mother and her lawyer. Although Stuhff wasn’t sure how seriously to take the news, he recognized that it certainly didn’t sound good, so he sought out the advice of a Navajo professor at a nearby community college. “He told me that the ceremony I had described was very powerful and very serious and that it meant that I was supposed to end up buried in that cemetery,” Stuhff says. “He also said that a witch can perform this type of ceremony only four times in his life, because if he tries it more than that, the curse would come back on the witch himself. He also told me that if the intended victim found out about it, then the curse would come back onto the person who had requested it.”Stuhff thought about a way to let the husband know that he had found out about the ceremony, so he filed court papers that requested an injunction against the husband and the unknown medicine man, whom he described in the court documents as “John Doe, A Witch.” The motion described in great detail the alleged ceremony. The opposing attorney appeared extremely upset by the motion, as did the husband and the presiding judge. The opposing lawyer argued to the court that the medicine man had performed “a blessing way ceremony,” not a curse. But Stuhff knew that the judge, who was a Navajo, could distinguish between a blessing ceremony, which takes place in Navajo hogans (homes), and what was obviously a darker ceremony involving lookalike dolls that took place in the woods near a cemetery. The judge nodded in agreement when Stuhff responded. Before the judge could rule, Stuhff requested a recess so that the significance of his legal motion could sink in. The next day, the husband capitulated by agreeing to grant total custody to the mother and to pay all back child support.

Whether or not Stuhff literally believes that witches have supernatural powers, he acknowledges that this belief is strongly held in the Navajo nation. Certain communities on the reservation had reputations as witchcraft strongholds, he says. It is also unknown whether the witch he faced was a skinwalker or not. “Not all witches are skinwalkers,” he says, “but all skinwalkers are witches. And skinwalkers are at the top. They are a witch’s witch, so to speak.”

 

 

Fake News

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There has been many interesting discussions happening now about the spread of fake news on the Internet and what companies like Facebook, Google and Twitter, among others, should do to stop it. Fake news is nothing new to most people these days, but bogus stories can reach more people, more quickly through social media than what good old-fashioned viral emails could accomplish in years past.

 

Not all of the misinformation being passed along online is completely fake, though most of it is. Snopes.com has been exposing false viral claims since the mid 1990s, whether it was fabricated  messages, distortions containing bits of truth and everything in between. David Mikkelson, the founder, warned in an article not to throw everything into the “fake news” category. “The fictions and fabrications that make fake news are but a subset of the larger bad news phenomenon, which also includes many forms of poor quality, unresearched, error-filled, and deliberately misleading reporting that do a disservice to everyone,” he wrote. A lot of these viral claims aren’t “news” at all, but fiction, satire and efforts to fool readers into thinking they’re for real.

Fake stories, completely made-up “news,” has grown more sophisticated, and often presented on a site designed to look like a legitimate news organization. Yet, we still find it easy to figure out what’s real and what’s not if you’re equipped with some critical thinking and fact-checking tools.

When trying to spot fake news you should first start off by considering the source. About a couple of weeks ago I did homework for a class on fake news. I fact-checked fake news from multiple sites, such as, abcnews.com.co (not the actual URL for ABC News), WTOE 5 News (whose “about” page says it’s “a fantasy news website”), and the Boston Tribune (whose “contact us” page lists only a gmail address). I also learned that the claim that the Obama’s were buying a vacation home in Dubai, a made-up missive that came from WhatDoesItMean.com, which describes itself as “One Of The Top Ranked Websites In The World for New World Order, Conspiracy Theories and Alternative News” and more says on its site that most of what it publishes is fiction.

It’s clear that some of the sites do provide a “fantasy news” or satire warning, like WTOE 5, which published the bogus headline, “Pope Francis Shocks World, Endorses Donald Trump for President, Releases Statement.” Most fake sites aren’t so upfront, like the Boston Tribune, which doesn’t provide any information on its missions, staff members or physical location, further signs that maybe the site isn’t a legitimate news organization. The site also changed its name from Associated Media Coverage, after its work had been discredited by fact checking organizations.

Another thing when spotting out fake news is, reading beyond the headlines. For example, if a provocative headline drew your attention, you should read a little further before you decide to pass along the shocking information. Even in legitimate news stories, the headline doesn’t always tell the whole story. But fake news, can include several revealing signs in the text.

After considering the sources, and reading beyond the headlines, you should also ask yourself, “Could this be some kind of joke?” Remember, there is such thing as satire. Normally, it’s clearly labeled as such, and sometimes it’s even funny. Andy Borowitz has been writing a satirical news column, the Borowitz Report, since 2001, and it has appeared in the New Yorker since 2012. But not everyone gets the jokes.

There’s also more debatable forms of satire, purposely made to pull one over on the reader. That “Fappy the Anti-Masturbation Dolphin” story? That’s the work of online hoaxer Paul Horner, whose “greatest coup,” as described by the Washington Post in 2014, was when Fox News mentioned, as fact, a fake piece titled, “Obama uses own money to open Muslim museum amid government shutdown.” Horner told the Post after the election that he was concerned his hoaxes aimed at Trump supporters may have helped the campaign. The posts by Horner and others, whether termed satire or simply “fake news” are designed to encourage clicks, and generate money for the creator through ad proceeds. Horner told the Washington Post he makes a living off his posts and when asked why his material gets so many views, Horner responded, “They just keep passing stuff around. Nobody fact-checks anything anymore.”

 

 

Piktochart

Inside The Heart of The Nerd-Industrial Complex, Comic Con.

In Southern California, where it all started, a group of comics, movie, and science fiction fans teamed up together and put together their first comic book convention. It all started as a one-day thing, called San Diego’s Golden State Comic-Minicon, on March 21, 1970 inside the U.S. Grant Hotel in downtown San Diego. The reason behind this one-day event was to raise money to generate interest for a larger convention. With the success of the minicon came along the first full-fledged, three-day San Diego Comic-Con, held on August 1-3, 1970, at the U.S. Grant Hotel, with special guest Ray Bradury and Jack Kirby. The three-day comic con was a huge success and attracted over 300 people, filling the hotel’s basement. In the convention, it featured a dealer’s room, programs and panels, film screenings, and most important, the model for every comic book convention to follow.

From the start of all of this, the founders of the conventions set out to include not only the comic books they loved but, other aspects of the popular arts that they enjoyed and felt deserved more recognition, including films and science fiction/fantasy literature. After one more name change (San Diego’s West Coast Comic Convention, in 1972), the show officially became the San Diego Comic-Con (SDCC) in 1973 with the fourth annual event. In 1995, the non-profit event changed its name to Comic-Con International: San Diego (CCI). The show’s main home in the 1970s was the greatly remembered El Cortez Hotel in downtown San Diego. In 1979, Comic-Con moved to the Convention and Performing Arts Center (CPAC), and stayed there until 1991, when the new San Diego Convention Center opened. Comic-Con has been at home in that facility for over two decades.

With appearances over 130,000 in recent years, in a convention center facility that has maxed out in space, the event has grown to include satellite locations, including local hotels and outdoor parks. Programming events, games, anime, the Comic-Con International Independent Film Festival, and the Eisner Awards all take place outside of the Convention Center, creating a campus-type feel for the convention in downtown San Diego.

With many years gone by, Comic-Con has become the focal point for the world of comic conventions. Comic-Con continues to offer the complete convention experience as it first did back in 1970: a giant exhibit hall (topping over 460,000 square feet in its current existence); a massive programming schedule (in 2104 they were close to 700 seperate events), featuring comics and all aspects of the popular arts, including hands-on workshops and educational and academic programming such as the Comics Art Conference; anime and film screenings (even including a seperate film festival); games; the Will Eisner Comic Industry Awards, the “Oscars” of the comics industry; a Masquerade costume competition with prizes and trophies; an Autograph Area; an Art Show; and Portfolio Reviews, bringing together aspiring artist with major companies.

Comic-Con has had over thousands of special guests at its conventions over the years, bringing comic creators, science fiction and fantasy authors, film and television directors, producers, and writers, and creators from all aspects of the popular arts together with their fans for a fun and often times candid discussion of various art forms. The popular event has seen an amazing range of comics and publishers in its Exhibit Hall over the years. Comic-Con International has continually presented comic books and comic art to a growing audience. The love that the comics share continue to be a guiding factor as the event moves toward its second half-century as the premier comic book and popular arts style convention in the world.

Over the years, San Diego Comic Convention has presented other conventions and events, including Comic Book Expo, a retail trade show for the comics industry, and ProCon, a convention for comic book industry creative professionals. In 1991, Comic-Con put on a separate convention, Con/Fusion billed as “a fusion of the best aspects of a science fiction convention with the est aspects of a comic book convention.”

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Cannabis Milk

About two months ago my father and I watched a documentary of reasons why humans don’t need milk to survive and why we also shouldn’t drink it. Aside from milk tasting delicious, it has a bunch of health benefits. Benefits such as, glowing skin, healthy bones and teeth, muscles, weight loss, and an overall healthy body. Milk is also a great source of vitiamins and nutrients. A question that was brought to my attention while watching the video was, do our bodies really need milk?

While watching the documentary they were basically explaining that milk obviously comes from animals, and we are NOT animals. If our bodies really needed the milk, we would produce it. Cows produce milk because it is for their offsprings, not humans. After watching the documentary, I was pretty bummed because I love drinking milk. But, it all made sense because people are lactose intolerant for a reason… Our body isn’t meant to digest milk and other diary products.

When I decided that I shouldn’t drink milk anymore I figured I could find something else that is similar to milk. Through recent research, there were articles I found about hemp milk.

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Similar to almond milk (which is another great alternative for milk) hemp milk has a creamy consistency that tends to be a bit thicker than skim milk and other milk alternatives. It’s also got a slightly nutty flavor.

We all know milk does the body good, but… Hemp milk? Which comes to mind is a certain drug- is it still good for you?

Through research, you will NOT get high from drinking hemp milk. Hemp food products such as hemp seeds, hemp protein and hemp milk, come from the Cannibus sativa plant. It is the same plant that marijuana comes from, but when you eat hemp, you’re not getting the “drug” part of the plant, otherwise known as Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Hemp producers use plants with less than 0.3 percent THC, while many other producers guarantee their plants have zero percent THC. To make milk, hemp seeds are blended with water and then the mixture is filtered. In other words, you’re not going to be getting stoned on milk.

Hemp seeds are rich in the plant-based omega-3 fatty acid ALA, and several hemp milk companies add additional hemp oil into their hemp beverages so drinkers get the omega-3 benefits. Research shows that getting enough omega-3 fatty acids each day can help keep cholesterol and blood pressure in check. Though the type of omega-3 found in hemp isn’t as easily used by the body as the kind found in fish, studies show that it can still provide benefits.

In addition, if you have milk allergies, lactose intolerance or soy allergies, hemp beverage can be a great alternative; as long as you look for a brand that is fortified with calcium and/or vitamin D and isn’t depending on it as a major source of protein in your diet. One cup serving of hemp milk contains around two grams of protein (compared to 7 grams per cup in soy milk and nearly 9 grams per cup in nonfat cow’s milk).

Trying to watch your waistline? Be sure to stick with the original or unsweetened versions. Vanilla and chocolate hemp milk often have more sugar added, boosting calories to more than a cup of low-fat or skim milk (aim for around 100 calories or less per cup). While unsweetened hemp milk doesn’t contain any added sugar, the original, chocolate and vanilla versions contain brown rice syrup. The chocolate version, for example, contains 23 grams of sugar. Added sugar increases the calorie count of foods, and eating too much added sugar can lead to weight gain. Being overweight can raise your risk of heart disease, according to the American Heart Association. Hemp milk is low in saturated fat, with between 0.3 and 1 gram per serving, and watching your intake of saturated fat is one way to reduce your risk of heart disease.

Organic hemp milk may very well be the best alternative for those who either do not like cow’s milk, suffer from lactose intolerance, or are vegans. While the taste of it may be something that you have to adjust to, you might just find that you actually prefer it to any of the other milk products you have tried.

http://www.globalhealingcenter.com/natural-health/benefits-of-hemp-milk/

Ghosts, real or myth?

Haven’t you ever wondered if ghosts were really real or fake? With all these ghost hunters of course, many of them would claim that this makes sense, since we can’t expect the tools of this world to detect ghosts from the spirit world. In the end, it’s up to you to determine whether you believe ghosts are real. There’s no scientific evidence for ghosts.

Ghost hunters usually try to use a variety of technological scientific equipment to detect the presence of ghosts. Typical equipment might include Geiger counters, Electromagnetic Field (EMF) detectors, ion detectors, infrared cameras, and super-sensitive microphones. Despite the use of the high tech equipment, there are still no scientifically verified cases of ghost detection.

It’s only natural to ponder about what happens when someone dies. Does any part of that person live on? Could the spirit hang around this world and interact with the living? Who wouldn’t want to believe that a loved one might remain close by, looking over the living?

Many people believe ghosts are particularly real. Experts believe ghosts are the most common paranormal belief in the world. Some experts estimate that as many as one-half of all Americans believe in ghosts. Researchers point to the presence of over 2,000 amateur ghost-hunting groups in the United States as further proof of the popularity of ghosts in American culture. If you believe in ghosts, you’re not alone. Cultures all around the world believe in spirits that survive death to live in another realm. In fact, ghosts are among the most widely believed of paranormal phenomena. Millions of people are interested in ghosts, and a 2005 Gallup poll found that 37 percent of Americans believe in haunted houses and nearly half believe in ghosts.

One reason as to why many people think ghosts are real is because many people claim to have personal experiences with ghosts. You don’t have to look far to find people who believe that, at one time or another, they’ve felt the presence of a ghost. It is difficult to evaluate the reality of ghosts because we can’t tell if any of the paranormal experiences people are claiming to have, have any solid basis in scientifict fact. However, there is no clear definition of what most people agree to what they think a ghosts is. A ghosts could be mental, physical, spiritual, and even be a mixture of all of these.

Many people believe that support for the existence of ghosts can be found in no less a hard science than modern physics. It is claimed that Albert Einstein suggested a scientific basis for the reality of ghosts; if energy cannot be created or destroyed but only change form, what happens to our body’s energy when we die? Could that somehow be manifested as a ghost? It seems like a reasonable hypothesis, unless you understand basic physics. The answer is very simple actually, and not at all mysterious. After a person dies, the energy in his or her body goes where all organisms’ energy goes after death: into the environment. The energy is released in the form of heat, and transferred into the animals that eat us and the plants that absorb us. There is no bodily “energy” that survives death to be detected with popular ghost-hunting devices.

 

In the end, and despite mountains of ambiguous photos, sounds and videos, the evidence for ghosts is no better today than it was a year ago, a decade ago or a century ago. There are two possible reasons for the failure of ghost hunters to find good evidence. The first is that ghosts don’t exist, and that reports of ghosts can be explained by psychology, misperceptions, mistakes and hoaxes. The second option is that ghosts do exist, but that ghost hunters are simply incompetent. Ultimately, ghost hunting is not about the evidence. Instead, it’s about having fun with friends, telling stories, and the enjoyment of pretending to be searching the edge of the unknown. After all, everyone loves a good ghost story.

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Man elected for Woman of the year?

As many already know, The Glamour awards is hosted every year by the Glamour magazine. Each year they hand out different awards to honor extraordinary and inspirational women from a variety of fields, including entertainment, business, sports, music, science, medicine, education, and politics.

This year, Glamour put a twist on it and awarded lead singer of U2’s, Bono. The naming of the rock star to Glamour’s Women of the Year has stirred up a lot of controversy.

This year, U2’s singer, Bono will joing a group of women including Gwen Stefani, Simone Biles, and the standford sexual assault survivor now known as “Emily Doe” who will be honored at the ceremony in Los Angeles on November 14.

The rock star was praised for his creation of  the Poverty is Sexist, a campaign that is focused on documenting the link between gender and poverty and offering support to the world’s poorest women, those who survive on less than $2 a day. “Women bear the burdens of poverty,” Bono says, meaning they are far less likely than men to have access to food, clean water, education, and health care; laws in many parts of the world don’t protect them from sexual violence or allow them to own the land they work. By establishing Poverty Is Sexist, Bono is making it clear that powerful men can, and should, take on these deep-rooted issues. It’s the first time in the awards’ 27 years that Glamour has enshrined a man alongside its annual roster of accomplished women.

The advisory board, made up of past winners and Glamour’s editors, had resisted for a while a Man of the Year award. For years they explained that “on the grounds that men aren’t exactly hurting for awards in this world, and that here at Glamour, the tribe we’re into celebrating is female.”

In the magazines offense of choosing Bono, they have expalined that beyond Bono’s specific work, it was simply time to recognize the importance of men in the fight for women’s equality, that they are not just helpful but necessary for the success of feminism: “Four years our Women of the Year Advisory Board made up past winners, plus our editors – has put the kibosh on naming a Man of the Year on the grounds that men aren’t exactly hurting for awards in this world, and that here at Glamour, the tribe we’re into celebrating is female. But these days most women want men – no, need me – in our tribe. When the president declared himself a femenist, when a major male rock star who could do anything at all with his life decisions to focus on the rights of women and girls worldwide –well, that’s the worth celebrating. We’re proud to name that rock star, Bono, our first Man of the Year.”

But across social media, many women weren’t exactly amused by the Bono award and didn’t sit well with it. A few even reiterated the very point made (and then dismissed) by Glamour itself: that men aren’t suffering from a lack of attention or celebration in our society.

“Where there not enough women they had to give the Women of the Year award to Bono?” one person tweeted.

CNN’S Christiane Amanpur wrote a piece for Glamour defending her friend Bono. Pointing to his Poverty is Sexist Cmpaign aimed at helping the world’s poorest women, Amanpour sid he’s the perfect choice for the award. “I’m sure I don’t deserve it,” she quoted Bono as saying. “But I’m grateful for this award as a chance to say the battle for gender equality can’t be won unless men lead it along with women. We’re largely responsible for the problem, so we have to be involved in the solutions.”

Did you just say anti-roofie nail polish?!

When’s the last time you got a manicure that could also prevent date rape?  The likely answer is never.

Four college students from North Carolina State University claim they’ve come up with a way to do just that. Ankesh Madan, Stephen Grey, Tasso Von Windheim and Tyler Confrey, created a nail polish called “Undercover Colors” that changes color in when date rape drugs like Rohypnol, Xanax, and GHB (Gamma-Hydroxybutyric acid) are inside your drink.

To check if their has been any drugs slipped into your drink, all a woman has to stir it with her finger. Although, thats not exactly good manners or hygienic, it’s arguably more stylish than similar inventions, like the coasters, cups and straws, that do the same thing.

“We wanted to focus on preventive solutions, especially those that could be integrated into products that women already use, i’m sure many of us know someone who has been close to someone else who has been through the terrible experience of date rape, and we began to focus on finding a way to help prevent the crime.” Madan told higher education Works in June.

As interesting and cool this anti-roofie nail ploish sounds many critics say the clever concept and good intentions don’t add up to a product that actually empowers women.

Popular blog Feministing, pointed out that date rape drugs “are not used to facilitate sexual assault all that often. While exact estimates vary, it’s safe to say that plain old alcohol is the substance most commonly used in drug-facilitated rape.”

When you think about it, the Feministing blog may be right… I’m not agreeing with them but, they have a point. A lot of people roofie others drinks for terrible reasons, but alcohol is another common “drug” used for date rape. When girls go out and drink way to much, they seem to black out and not carry themselves as they usually would. Their morals and values seem to go right out the window. Date rape is a terrible thing and no girl deserves to go through that, but when girls exceeds past their aclohol limit and no longer have self control its inevetable to say that they won’t become a victim to date rape.

Well-intentioned products like anti-rape nail polish can actually end up fueling victim blaming, any college student who don’t use the special polish could open themselves up to criticism for failing to do everything in their power to prevent rape.

The nail polish is yet another item to add to a growing list of schemes-seeming precautions that includes anti-rape underwear and pepper spray cameras which do little more than “delude” women into believing they’re safe from sexual violence, Feministing observed.

Another problem with the polish is that it distracts the problem from the real solutions. “I think a lot of the time we get focused on these new products because they’re innovative and they’re interesting, and it’s really cool that they figured out how to create nail polish that does this. But at the end of the day, are you having those tough conversations with students, and particularly men, who are at risk for committing sexual assault?” Tracey Vitchers, the board chair for Students Active For Ending Rape (SAFER), told ThinkProgress.

Nevertheless, others are eager about this idea. Earlier this year the four materials science and engineering majors won first place and took home $11,250 at NC State’s Lulu eGames, a student competition that which challenges students to design working solutions to real-world problems.

Something schools need to teach to students, males and females, about is the importance of respecting other people’s boundaries and understanding what it means to obtain consent. That is the first step to preventing date rape.

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